Want to experience the spirituality of India at its most vibrant? Head to Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. This ancient city inhabited continuously for some 2,800 years (and counting), is one of the holiest places for Hindus. Devotees believe Varanasi is where they can break free from the cycle of rebirth and unite with the divine upon death. The conviction manifests in a profound intensity that pulses throughout the frenetic city.
The center of action in Varanasi can be found at the Banaras ghats – a series of giant steps leading to the Ganges River. In the morning, the devout descend the stairs to wash away their sins in the holy water, and at night, they return for fire-fueled prayer ceremonies.
The energy continues throughout the day in the labyrinthine old city. Legend has it that no accurate map has ever been drawn of Varanasi’s complex web of twisting alleys. Expect to get lost and experience some of the best sightseeing of your life.
Want to make the most of your time in “The City of Light”? Check out our list of the best places to visit in Varanasi.
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1. Ganges River
Sunset view of Varanasi from the Ganges River
Named after the Hindu goddess Ganga, the Ganges River is one of the most revered natural sites in India. The river extends southeast from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal. Between 400 million and 600 million people rely on the Ganges River to provide water for daily bathing and drinking.
Hindus come to Varanasi from all around the world to purify themselves in the holy Ganges water and perform rituals along the dozens of ghats along the river. For tourists, the river helps provide a fixed point of orientation for navigating around the city, and you’ll no doubt spend lots of time sightseeing and watching life happen around the Ganges.
Consider waking up early and taking a sunrise cruise along the river – negotiate with one of the countless boatmen hanging out along the ghats.
In the afternoon or early evening, one of the top things to do in Varanasi is to purchase a small floating offering filled with fresh flowers and a candle and release it onto the Ganges River. The blissful experience will connect you more deeply with Hindu culture and stay in your mind for years to come.
2. Dasaswamedh Ghat
The lively atmosphere of the Dasaswamedh Ghat makes it one of the best places to visit in Varanasi. This tourist attraction is a swirling hodgepodge of flower sellers touting bright blossoms, boat operators hawking rides along the Ganges River, and sadhus (holy men) with face paint. You can spend hours people-watching in this area during the day.
Hindu priests put on the Ganga Aarti every night at the Dasaswamedh Ghat, starting at around 7 pm. Donning saffron-hued robes, the priests spread out plates of flower petals and other offerings and blow a conch shell to signal the start of the spiritual ceremony. Thousands of tourists gather to watch the priests chant and wave tiered plates of sandalwood-scented incense in intricate patterns for about 45 minutes. It’s an extravagant sight and one of the top things to do here.
Hot tip: Get to the ghat at least a couple of hours early if you want to beat the crowds and score a great spot for the show. You can also get incredible views from boats along the river or in shop balconies above the ghat.
Address: Dasaswamedh Ghat Road, Bangali Tola, Varanasi
3. Assi Ghat
Ganga Aarti at Assi Ghat
When it comes to famous places to visit in Varanasi, the city’s southernmost main ghat regularly tops the list. Assi Ghat’s star attraction is a Shiva lingam (phallic representation of the Hindu deity) beneath a sacred fig tree. It draws hundreds of pilgrims every day, who come to worship Lord Shiva after rinsing in the Ganges River.
Feeling a little stiff from traveling? Swing by Assi Ghat at sunrise, when you can get your downward-facing dog on with dozens of others during morning yoga accompanied by live music every day. Tourists can also see another Ganga Aarti performance here in the evening, which is slightly smaller and more intimate than the one at Dasaswamedh Ghat.
4. Manikarnika Ghat
Funeral pyres burning at Manikarnika Ghat
Plumes of smoke swirl toward the sky at Manikarnika Ghat. No, it’s not from a factory – it’s from the perpetual cremations that happen on this ghat. Hindus believe that Manikarnika Ghat is one of the most auspicious places for the departed to reach moksha (emancipation from the cycle of spiritual rebirth). The funeral pyre at this ghat burns 24/7, and dozens of cremations take place every day.
Priests or guides frequently offer to lead tourists through the fascinating ghat, however, some can be aggressive in their demands for money. You may see doms (members of an untouchable caste) carrying cloth-wrapped bodies on makeshift stretchers, along with piles of firewood stacked up, ready to feed the pyre.
You may also be offered the chance to see a cremation up close – for a fee, of course. While profound, the experience is not for the faint of heart, nor is it a tourist attraction in the traditional sense. Know your limits; be respectful; and avoid taking photos of the funerals, mourners, and the departed.
Hot tip: If you’re interested in the ritualistic cremations, but can’t stomach the idea of seeing them up close, consider passing by Manikarnika Ghat on a boat tour along the Ganges River. The distance dampens the effect while still giving tourists a sense of what’s happening in this important place.
5. Dhamek Stupa
Hinduism certainly has a stronghold on Varanasi, but Buddhism has a major presence less than 12 kilometers away in the village of Sarnath. Here, you’ll find the Dhamek Stupa, a massive stone and brick structure that’s 43.6 meters tall and 28 meters in diameter. The stupa was built more than 1,500 years ago as a replacement for a structure that dated back to 249 BCE.
The devout believe that the Buddha came to Dhamek Stupa to give his first sermon, which revealed the Eightfold Path after he achieved enlightenment. Take a look at the elegant carvings of birds, people, and flowers that cover the walls of the stupa as you wander around the attraction.
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Sarnath also has plenty of other tourist places that make it a worthwhile day trip destination from Varanasi. Check out the Chaukhandi Stupa (a Buddhist shrine that dates back to at least the 6th century), then make your way to the Sarnath Museum to see the Lion Capital of Ashoka, a sculpture that used to sit atop the Ashoka Pillar in 250 BCE and became the official Emblem of India in 1950. Round out the day with sightseeing at the peaceful Tibetan Temple before making your way back to Varanasi.
Address: Dharmapala Road, Singhpur, Sarnath, Varanasi
6. Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple | Ashley Van Haeften / photo modified
Hindu pilgrims and tourists alike travel for thousands of miles to reach the Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple, a sacred attraction around four kilometers from the Varanasi Junction railway station near the Manikarnika Ghat. The impressive structure, dedicated to the Hindu deity Shiva, has earned the nickname “The Golden Temple” for its striking spire – plated in some 800 kilograms of pure gold. The distinctive design of this temple has gone on to inspire the architecture of hundreds of other temples across India.
Strict security measures around the complex requirements that tourists stash their cameras, phones, bags, and other belongings in a rentable locker nearby. Expect to ditch your shoes and wait in line with hundreds of other visitors, all eager to touch the 60-centimeter-tall, sin-absolving Shiva lingam in a silver altar. It’s an intense, yet rewarding experience
Hot tip: Skip this attraction on Hindu holidays, when devotees wait in line for up to two full days to enter the temple.
Address: Lahori Tola, Varanasi
Official site: https://www.shrikashivishwanath.org/
7. Banaras Hindu University
New Vishwanath Temple at Banaras Hindu University
Banaras Hindu University has been a central part of Varanasi’s identity since its inception in 1916. The well-respected public university is home to more than 25,000 students, making it one of Asia’s largest residential universities.
There are no hill stations near Varanasi, so if you’re looking for an escape from the crowds and busy city, come to this lush 1,300-acre campus. The serene area is shaded by hundreds of tall trees and offers a breath of fresh air from the hectic atmosphere at the Banaras Ghats.
While on campus, swing by the New Vishwanath Temple, a famous temple that finally finished its decades-long construction in 1966. Standing 77 meters high, the temple is one of the tallest in India and draws architectural inspiration from the nearby Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple.
Visitors to the university should also make a point to explore the on-campus museum, Bharat Kala Bhavan. The cultural institution features a spectacular collection of miniature paintings, along with over 100,000 other artifacts of archeological and artistic importance.
Official site: http://www.bhu.ac.in/
8. Ruchika Art Gallery
Want to take a piece of Varanasi home with you? Look no further than the Ruchika Art Gallery, just off Ravindrapuri Road. The gallery’s namesake owner, Ruchika Mehrotra, has created a warm, delightful shop to display a vibrant collection of paintings that capture the energy of Varanasi and the ghats in a rainbow of colors.
While there are some larger works that would require shipping, many of the paintings are small enough to pack in a suitcase as souvenirs. There are also charming postcards available for purchase.
In addition to showcasing locally made creative works, Ruchika Art Gallery also invites tourists to pick up a paintbrush during artistic workshops. Get in touch with Ruchika to see what’s on the calendar during your trip to Varanasi.
Address: 1 Ground floor, Shwetabh Building, near Sankat Mochan Mandir and Lanka Post Office, Lanka Road, Varanasi
Official site: https://ruchikaartgallery.weebly.com/
9. Shri Durga Temple
Shri Durga Temple
Spiritual activities around Varanasi aren’t solely confined to the ghats. Just a five-minute walk west of Assi Ghat, the Shri Durga Temple is a popular attraction for Hindus who wish to pay tribute to the goddess Durga. You can’t miss the 300-year-old temple – it’s painted bright red from top to bottom.
The temple’s nickname, “Monkey Temple,” gives you a clue about the creatures you might find swinging about in this area. You may also see a couple of graceful swans floating on the pool of water outside the temple.
Address: 27, Durgakund Road, Durgakund, Anandbagh, Bhelupur, Varanasi
10. Ramnagar Fort
Ramnagar Fort on the banks of the Ganges River
There are few destinations in India without a fort, and Varanasi is no exception. About 14 kilometers from the city center, you’ll find Ramnagar Fort. The 18th-century sandstone fort and palace is no longer used as a defensive structure but instead houses a quirky museum brimming with vintage automobiles, elaborate hookahs, antique weapons, sedan chairs decked out in jewels, and a one-of-a-kind astronomical clock that’s more than 150 years old.
After enjoying an archeological treasure hunt at the museum, check out the fort’s temples, one of which honors Veda Vyasa, author of the Mahabharata and other important Hindu epics.
Address: Mirzapur – Varanasi Road, Purana, Ramnagar
11. Darbhanga Ghat
Photographers, take note: Darbhanga Ghat offers the best opportunity to get amazing shots of Varanasi. The stairs leading down to the riverbank are crowned by the ultra-luxurious BrijRama Palace, an old fort that has since been converted into a heritage hotel. The property’s Greek pillars and rounded balconies give the area (and your photographs) a regal backdrop.
Plan to get here around dawn to capture unobstructed views of the incredible sunrise over the horizon of the Ganges River.
Location: Near Ahilyabai Ghat, Bangali Tola, Varanasi
12. Shivala Ghat
Man praying in front of Shivala Ghat | Mohd Razz Rozzfaisal / Shutterstock.com
While not as active as other riverfront spots in Varanasi, Shivala Ghat is a pleasant place to visit if you’re looking for some peace and quiet along the Ganges. The lack of crowds at the ghat makes it easier to respectfully observe the devout doing their ritualistic dips in the holy river and families gathering for prayers and tea in the morning. Don’t be surprised if you wind up sharing the space with water buffalo, who is known to hang about the area. You can also see a palace built by Nepalese king Sanjay Vikram Shah in the 19th century.
It’s also worth devoting a few hours to wandering the maze-like alleyways leading to Shivala Ghat. The densely packed neighborhood offers a glimpse at what everyday life is like for locals in Varanasi.
13. Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple
Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple | AjayTvm / Shutterstock.com
Situated on the banks of the Assi River, the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple draws thousands of visitors a day, all eager to make an offering of sweets and flowers to the Hindu god Hanuman. Legend has it that this temple was constructed exactly where Hindu saint and poet Goswami Tulsidas had a vision of the monkey god. Speaking of monkeys, keep your eye out for the mischievous creatures who are regularly spotted bouncing around the temple.
Hot tip: April or May can be a particularly great time to visit this Varanasi attraction. That’s when the temple hosts its annual “Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh,” a festival of classical music and dance recitals held over a series of five to six days. Performers come from all over the world to take part in the nearly 100-year-old event.
Address: Sankat Mochan Road, Padampuri Colony, Jawahar Nagar Colony, Bhelupur, Varanasi
14. Vishnu Tea Emporium
Tea is practically a way of life in India – you’re almost never more than a few steps away from a chaiwala (tea seller) whipping up spicy, creamy masala chai from roadside stands.
Take a deep dive into this culinary ritual with a visit to the Vishnu Tea Emporium. Just a four-minute walk from Dasaswamedh Ghat, this casual shop offers up-close demonstrations of how to make masala chai from spices and fresh ingredients. It also offers a curated selection of tasty tea and spice blends for tourists to recreate the classic Indian drink at home. There’s no pressure to make a purchase, but this is one souvenir you won’t regret buying.
Address: D 15/51 Manmandir, Dasashwamedh Road, Varanasi